algorithmic modeling for Rhino



Octopus is a plug-in for applying evolutionary principles to parametric design and problem solving. It allows the search for many goals at once, producing a range of optimized trade-off solutions between the extremes of each goal.

Also see octopus.E for custom evolutionary algorithms.


Download the latest version on food4rhino

It is part of a range of tools developed at the University of Applied Arts Vienna, and Bollinger+Grohmann Engineers.


  • search for single goal + diversity of solutions
  • search for best trade offs between 2 to X goals
  • improve solutions by similarity-goals
  • choose preferred solutions during a search
  • change objectives during a search
  • solutions' 3d models for visual feedback
  • recorded history
  • save all search data within the Grasshopper document
  • save a solution as a Grasshopper State
  • export to text or text files

Octopus introduces multiple fitness values to the optimization. The best trade-offs between those objectives are searched, producing a set of possible optimum solutions that ideally reach from one extreme trade-off to the other.

Based on SPEA-2 and HypE from ETH Zürich and David Rutten's Galapagos User Interface. Developed by Robert Vierlinger in cooperation with Christoph Zimmel, and Bollinger+Grohmann Engineers.


To install:

  • Copy the .gha and .dll file into the Grasshopper components folder 
  • Right-click the file > Properties > make sure there is no "blocked" text
  • Restart Rhino and Grasshopper


Some examples are provided here

New commented examples and a brief manual are provided in the download of octopus on food4rhino.

Location: Vienna
Members: 407
Latest Activity: Feb 27

Discussion Forum

Structural Optimization 3 Replies

Good Evening to everyone,I'm writing here because I'm trying to optimize a girder bridge for my thesis.I'm trying to achieve the less expensive construction material, with the problem of satisfy…Continue

Tags: Octopus

Started by Leonardo. Last reply by Thomas Wortmann Dec 23, 2018.

Automatically run solver and output best solution after N generations 3 Replies

Below is a schematic of what I want to do, namely:Trigger a solver like Octopus or Galapagos from within a definition (not by double-clicking the component), run the solver for a fixed number of…Continue

Tags: loop, optimization, evolutionary, Galapagos, Octopus

Started by Max Marschall. Last reply by John Harding Nov 10, 2018.

Spot the mistake(s)

Hi all,I'm trying to run the attached optimisation, but can't get Octopus to begin to update the sliders in my gene pool. What am I doing wrong?The logic (also explained in the notes in the…Continue

Started by Magnus Larsson Sep 20, 2018.

Generation result octopus

I try to running octopus, and then the result for each generation doesn’t show the different. I think because before running octopus, i’m running diva grasshopper and show the result for sDA and…Continue

Started by Deasty Kusuma Dewi Aug 21, 2018.

Comment Wall

Add a Comment

You need to be a member of Octopus to add comments!

Comment by Israa El-Maghraby on April 15, 2015 at 1:16

Hello Robert Vier, hope you are doing great 

I have a little serious problem, my optimization collapsed at the11th generation, where it should continue till 15 generation. The octopus saved my last 10 generations "no problem about that" but corrupted my 11th, any way I can start from generation 10 and re continue my optimization process , THANKS IN A MILLION

Comment by Israa El-Maghraby on March 1, 2015 at 12:09

I have another conern my simulation does not go far than ZERO generations .. Despite i made it 3 and population size 4 .. just as a test ... Could you think what might be the problem !

Comment by Israa El-Maghraby on February 28, 2015 at 13:01

I have a question concerning EVALPOOLSIZE ... what does determine its values.. i made population size 4 and max number of generation is 3 ... does the values of these parameters affect it !.. I really don't understand it clearly 

Thanks in advance

Comment by Israa El-Maghraby on January 28, 2015 at 13:33

Ok (Y) , Thanks a lot :) 

Comment by Robert Vier on January 28, 2015 at 13:27


you are in generation 0. The graphs will be shown in the next ones.


Comment by Israa El-Maghraby on January 28, 2015 at 12:44

Hello Robert, Hope everything is great with you, I have a little problem that the Convergence Graphs and Hypervolume Graph  don't appear in the optimization process ... I designed an office unit with a shading element. The parameters are the geometrical properties of the shading element. The targeted performance is DAYLIGHT AUTONOMY, PMV AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION , I used DIVA for that. So What do you think might be the problem.
P.S. when I run the GH files came with the OCTOPUS . it works just fine and both graphs appear. Thanks in advance 

Comment by fred labbe on December 8, 2014 at 8:47

Thanks Robert!

Comment by Robert Vier on December 8, 2014 at 8:41

works with the latest version, too!

Comment by fred labbe on December 8, 2014 at 7:18

Does the latest version of Octopus work with Grasshopper 0.9.0076.... download page says it is compatible with 0.9.0075.

If only works with 0.9.0075 any tips on where to find thta version of Grasshopper? 


Comment by Dan Hou on September 25, 2014 at 1:55

What is the algorithm to calculate hypervolume metric? Is it HSO?


Members (407)





© 2019   Created by Scott Davidson.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service